Monday, June 15, 2009

sultan haji hassanal bolkiah mu' izzaddin waddaulah

Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah.

1946 - 15 July, was born at palace Darussalam, Bandar

Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan).

1955 - Demand at School Malay Sultan Muhammad

Jamalul Alam , Bandar Brunei.

1959 - Demand at School Road Gurney, Kuala Lumpur

until year 1961.

1961 - Continued studying at Victoria Institution, Kuala

Lumpur and join team Cadet Victoria Institution

until year 1963.

- 14 August, Proclaimed as His Royal Highness the

Prince Crown.

1964 - Continued studying at College Sultan Omar ‘Ali

Saifuddien (SOAS), Bandar Brunei.

1965 - Married His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda

Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleh Binti Al-Marhum

Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji

Mohamed Alam.

1966 - 4 January, Include Academy Soldier King

Sandhust, United Kingdom as Officer Cadet.

Credentials rank Captain in Team Goldstream


1967 - 5 October, Installed as the 29th Sultan of Brunei.

1968 - 1 August, Crowed as Sultan.

1971 - 23 November, Signed Amendment Agreement

1959 with United Kingdom.

1979 - 7 January, Signed Agreement of Friendship and

Co-operation with United Kingdom.

1984 - 1 January, Blazon Celebrated Independence.

- 16 January, went to Casablance, Maghribi attend

Organization Of Islamic Conference (OIC).

- 21 September, went to New York present Ceremony

Assemblage Majestic Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu

(PBB) the 39.

1986 - 20 October, Blazon compile again Government Cabinet.

1987 - 18 January, went to Tanah Suci Makkah Al- Mukarramah

for performing Fardhu Haji the first time.

1988 - 30 November, Blazon Amendments and compile

Government Cabinet for tidy the Government


1989 - 21 September, Received awards ‘Graduate of Respective

Doctor Correspondence’ from University Brunei

Darussalam (UBD).

1992 - 15 February, Received awards ‘Graduate of Respective

Doctor Law’ from University Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur.

- 5 October, Celebrating Silver Jubilee for 25 years under the


- 5 November, Received awards ‘Degree of Doctor of Civil

Law by Diploma’ from University Oxford, United Kingdom.

2000 - 30 Jun, Received ‘Awards of the President Gold Medal’ from

City’s Royal College of Surgeons, Scotland, United Kingdom.

- 10-16 November, Chairman Conference Summit Chief

Economic Asian Pacific (APEC) 2000 Brunei Darussalam.

2001 - 11 July, Receive award ‘Graduate of Respective Doctor Law

from University Queensland, Australian.

- 2 October, Received award ‘Graduate of Respective Doctor

Philosophy in Science Political from University Islamic

Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM), Selangor, Malaysia.

- 20 October, Received award ‘Honorary Doctorate Degree in International Relations’ from the Beijing Foreign Studies University, Republic Nationality China.

2004 - Ceremony Meeting Country exist back with name

‘Ceremony Meeting Kingdom’.

2005 - Inaugurate Conference National recognize Society


- Inaugurate Amendment Member Ceremony Government


- Inaugurate Convention Education and Professionalisms,

Ceremony Knowledge 2005.

2006 - Inaugurate change Head Panji-Panji Team Police King Brunei.

- Inaugurate Ceremony Meeting Kingdom.

2007 - Blazon University Islam Sultan Sharif Ali.

2008 - Inaugurate scission-4 Ceremony Meeting Kingdom at building

new hall Ceremony.

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien 111(1950-1967)

Early Life

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien 111 ruled Brunei for 17 years in 1950 until 1967. He succeeded his brother Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin as the 28th Sultan of Brunei. His Royal Highness

was born on 23 September 1914 in Kampong Sultan

Lama, Brunei Town.Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien became the 29th Sultan of Brunei.

His Royal Highness received an informal education in the palace. He was taught a traditional Islamic education based on reading and memorising the Holy Quran. In 1932, His Royal Highness left to Malaya to study at the Malay College in Kuala Kangsar, Perak. In 1936, His Royal Highness returned to Brunei. He

had written a number of sy

air. His Royal Highness was known as ‘ Penyair Diraja’(Royal Poet).

Career Experiences

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien111started his career in 1936 as a cadet officer in the Forestry Department stationed in Kuala Belait. This job, he was able to understand the people, problem and their needs.

His Royal Highness joined the Judicial Department and able to learn about the Criminal and Civil Procedure Codes from the Assistant British Resident, he remained there until 1938. In 1941, His Royal Highness worked as an administration in British Resident’s office and he studied the English Language under the guidance of H.F Stalley.

During the Japanese Occupation, His Royal Highness worked at the Japanese Governor’s

office as a secretary to the Japanese Sub-district Commander, Kimura.

In 1947, His Royal Highness was chairman of the Syariah Court and member of the Brunei State Council.

Ascension to the throne

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien, was proclaimed the Sultan on 6 June 1950 as the 28th Sultan of Brunei. The coronation took place at the Lapau (Royal Ceremonial Hall) on the 31 May 1951.

His Royal Highness set out to work for an improved standard of living to modern country. The reign of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien 111 was witnessed economic, social and political Development.

His Royal Highness determination had brought Brunei to international attention and recognition and this eared him the title ‘The Architect of Modern Brunei’.

The 1st National Development Plan (1953-1958)

-Introduced in 1953. -A sum of $100 million was approved by the Brunei State Council for this purpose.

(a) Development of the Oil Industry

-In 1955, the $14 million Gas Plant was completed.

-As early as 1954, survey and exploration work both on land and offshore were carried out by the Brunei Shell Petroleum (BSPC).

-In 1956, production of oil the Seria field had increased.

(b) Development In Education

-In 1954, for the first time Brunei set out a written policy on education. The aim of the policy was to ensure the provision of educational facilities for:

1. Primary and secondary 2. technical 3. vocational training 4. Adult education

(c) Development in Religious Education - In 1959, religious schools operating in the afternoon. - In 1957, efforts were made to train more locals by offering courses locally.

(d) Development in Communications - Road -In December 1958, the building of road linking Belait District to Brunei Town came into operation on completion of the two bridges in Tutong.

-Shipping- Shipping activities linked Brunei with other countries in Southeast Asia.

- Civil Aviation- In September 1953, reconstruction work on airfield at Berakas started. It was completed in 1954. By 1959, aircraft movements increased tremendously.

(e) Development in Health and Welfare Services

-In October 1953, Brunei’s first nursing school began at the hospital in Brunei Town.

The 2nd National Development Plan (1962-1966)

-was launched in 1962 which aimed at improving the cultural, economic and social infrastructure.

(a) Development of Oil Industry

-In 1963, a major oil and gas filed was discovered at South West Ampa. With this discovery, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).

(b) Development in Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry

(c) Commercial Development and Support Structure.

- Two big project namely the Muara Deepwater Port and the international airport were planned.

- Power requirement were met studies were undertaken to provide electricity for rural area.

(d) Development in Health, Education and Welfare

-Became high and good medical, improved education and welfare.
The Issue of Malaysia

-Initially His Royal Highness found the idea acceptable.

-Set up a committee to find out views of people- some were against, others agree, the rest wanted the Sultan to decide.

-Brunei decided not to take part in the Malaysia Agreement.

The Abdication

-The Sultan abdicated in favour of his son in 1967.

-Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah became the 29th Ruler of Brunei.

-After abdication, his Majesty continued to be active in giving advice and support.

Wednesday, May 27, 2009

The Japanese Occupation of Brunei

Japanese Occupation Of Brunei

Japanese occupation of Brunei means the time or when the Japanese occupied, stayed in Brunei and ruled Brunei.

On 16 December 1941, The Japanese army landed in Brunei at Kuala Belait. The British were easily defeated by the Japanese as they were unprepared and outnumbered.The Japanese began an attack on Kuala Belait because of the district’s economic importance. After capturing Kuala Belait, The Japanese army moved on to Brunei Town and captured it on 22 December 1941. Due to the superiority of the Japanese army, The Sultan , The Malay Chiefs and the people decided not to resist the Japanese.

While in Borneo, The Japanese introduced a system of

administration called ‘ Miri Shyu’. This system brought together Brunei, Labuan, Baram, Limbang, Bantulu and Lawas as one territory. With Brunei under Japanese control, His Royal Highness Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin was dismissed with a pension. The new administration was headed by a Japanese military governor. The people began to dislike the Japanese because the Japanese did not care about Brunei’s development. The people live at that time were shortages of food and medical supplied which led to famine and epidemic.The ‘kempeitai’ caught and tortured people who were against the Japanese. Kempeitai mean the Japanese military police who carried out cruel punishment.

The Japanese began to introduce an ideology towards the people toadopt Japanese language and culture. The people were forced to adopt this ideology.

On 16 December 1944, the Allied Forces began to bombed Brunei Town and Kuala Belait heavily. Many Japanese ships at Brunei Bay were destroyed.

On 10 June 1945, Australian forces headed by Lieutenant General Sir Moorshead, landed in Muara. The forces advanced from Muara for three days into Brunei Town without much resistance from the Japanese.

From then on, Brunei was temporarily placed under the British Military Administration ( BMA)

The Japanese ruled Brunei for three years. The people suffered shortages of food and medical supplies which led to an outbreak of cholera and malaria epidemics.

There was no development but the feeling of nationalism grew among the local people who led to an awareness of the need for self-rule and the fate of the country decided by its own people.